Emergências e Cuidados Intensivos

Textbook of Small Animal Emergency Medicine

De: Kenneth J. Drobatz (Editor) , Kate Hopper (Editor) , Elizabeth A. Rozanski (Editor) , Deborah C. Silverstein (Editor)
ISBN: 9781119028956
2018, Wiley
Capa dura
Páginas: 1520

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  • Textbook of Small Animal Emergency Medicine offers an in-depth understanding of emergency disease processes and the underlying rationale for the diagnosis, treatment, monitoring, and prognosis for these conditions in small animals.

    • A comprehensive reference on a major topic in veterinary medicine
    • The only book in this discipline to cover the pathophysiology of disease in depth
    • Edited by four respected experts in veterinary emergency medicine
    • A core text for those studying for specialty examinations
    • Includes access to a website with video clips, additional figures, and the figures from the book in PowerPoint

    Textbook of Small Animal Emergency Medicine offers an in-depth understanding of emergency disease processes and the underlying rationale for the diagnosis, treatment, monitoring, and prognosis for these conditions in small animals.

  • Contributors xiii

    Preface xxix

    About the Companion Website xxx

    VOLUME 1

    Section 1 Emergency Medicine Overview 1

    1 Goals in Veterinary Emergency Medicine 3
    Dustin Schmid and Bob Murtaugh

    2 Triage 6
    Nadja Sigrist

    Section 2 Common Conditions in Emergency Medicine 11

    3 Neurological Disorders 13
    Daniel J. Fletcher

    4 Respiratory Distress 18
    Elizabeth Rozanski

    5 Ventricular Ectopy 22
    Lisa A. Murphy and Reid K. Nakamura

    6 Acute Abdomen 26
    Amy Koenigshof

    7 The Collapsed Patient 31
    Anna R. Gelzer and Marc S. Kraus

    8 Global Approach to the Trauma Patient 39
    Katie D. Mauro and Kenneth J. Drobatz

    9 Reproductive Emergencies 44
    Maureen McMichael

    10 Anemia 48
    Jillian DiFazio and Susan G. Hackner

    11 Jaundice 55
    Leo Londoño and Michael Schaer

    12 Ophthalmic Emergencies 60
    Steven R. Hollingsworth

    13 Vomiting, Regurgitation, and Diarrhea 66
    Rebecca Flores and Deborah C. Mandell

    14 Dysuria 72
    Joseph Bartges

    15 Dermatological and Ear Disease 76
    Brian K. Roberts

    16 Toxin Exposure 92
    Tina A. Wismer

    17 Epistaxis 97
    Meghan E. Vaught and Elizabeth Rozanski

    18 Fever 101
    Melissa A. Claus

    Section 3 Emergency Conditions by System 107

    A. Neurological Disorders 109

    19 Traumatic Brain Injury 111
    Jillian DiFazio and Daniel J. Fletcher

    20 Altered Mentation 118
    Cassie Ostroski and Kenneth J. Drobatz

    21 Seizures 124
    Leontine Benedicenti and Evelyn M. Galban

    22 Intracranial Disease 131
    Kendra Mikoloski

    23 Vestibular Disease 137
    Laura Harvey

    24 Spinal Trauma 146
    Patrick J. Kenny

    25 Intervertebral Disk Disease 154
    Evelyn M. Galban and Jonathan H. Wood

    26 Diskospondylitis 161
    Sheila Carrera-Justiz

    27 Lower Motor Neuron Disease 166
    Patrick J. Kenny, Dominic Barfield, and Richard Malik

    B. Respiratory Disease 177

    28 Brachycephalic Syndrome 179
    Guillaume L. Hoareau

    29 Feline Upper Respiratory Complex 186
    Alexandra Pfaff

    30 Laryngeal Paralysis 193
    Margo Mehl

    31 Tracheobronchial Injury and Collapse 196
    Dana L. Clarke

    32 Acute Airway Obstruction 206
    Dana L. Clarke

    33 Exacerbations of Chronic Bronchitis 215
    Lynelle R. Johnson

    34 Feline Lower Airway Disease 220
    Tekla Lee-Fowler

    35 Puppy Pneumonia 225
    Elizabeth Rozanski and Alex Lynch

    36 Coughing and Hemoptysis 229
    Geoff Heffner

    37 Bronchopneumonia 234
    Anthony L. Gonzalez and Lesley G. King

    38 Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema 242
    Mark A. Oyama

    39 Neurogenic Pulmonary Edema 247
    Kenneth J. Drobatz

    40 Submersion Injury 253
    Nuno Félix and Isabelle Goy-Thollot

    41 Pulmonary Hemorrhage 260
    Søren Boysen

    42 Pulmonary Thromboembolism 266
    Ronald Li and Joshua A. Stern

    43 Primary and Metastatic Pulmonary Neoplasia 273
    Erika L. Krick

    44 Pneumothorax 278
    Erin Mooney

    45 Pleural Effusion 285
    Lori Waddell

    46 Pyothorax 291
    Kate Farrell and Steven Epstein

    47 Diaphragmatic Hernia 298
    Cara A. Blake

    48 Penetrating Thoracic Trauma 304
    Ingrid M. Balsa, Guillaume L. Hoareau, and William T.N. Culp

    49 Blunt Thoracic Trauma 309
    Guillaume L. Hoareau, Ingrid M. Balsa, and William T. N. Culp

    50 Look-Alike Causes of Respiratory Distress 316
    Angela Borchers and Laura Cagle

    C. Cardiovascular Disease 319

    51 Mechanisms of Heart Failure 321
    Mark A. Oyama

    52 Congenital Cardiovascular Disease 325
    Joshua A. Stern

    53 Arrhythmias 329
    Meg M. Sleeper

    54 Pericardial Effusion 336
    Sean B. Majoy

    55 Dilated Cardiomyopathy 341
    Suzanne M. Cunningham and Kursten V. Pierce

    56 Feline Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy 349
    Lance C. Visser

    57 Valvular Heart Disease 355
    John MacGregor

    58 Heartworm Disease 362
    Marisa K. Ames

    59 Pulmonary Hypertension 372
    Rebecca Quinn

    60 Bradyarrhythmias and Pacemakers 380
    Lance C. Visser

    61 Myocarditis 385
    Lisa A. Murphy and Reid K. Nakamura

    62 Thromboembolic Disease 388
    Julien Guillaumin

    63 Systemic Arterial Hypertension 397
    Amanda E. Coleman

    D. Hematological and Oncological Disorders 405

    64 Leukocytosis and Leukopenia 407
    Andrew G. Burton and Karl E. Jandrey

    65 Non-Regenerative Anemia 413
    Alex Lynch

    66 Hemolytic Anemia 419
    Megan Morgan and Susan G. Hackner

    67 Thrombocytopenia 427
    Maureen McMichael

    68 Fibrinolysis and Antifibrinolytics 430
    Jo-Annie Letendre and Robert Goggs

    69 Congenital Coagulopathy 440
    Elizabeth Rozanski and Armelle de Laforcade

    70 Acquired Coagulopathy 444
    Ronald Li

    71 Antithrombotics in the Emergency Room 455
    Armelle de Laforcade

    72 Sick Oncology Patients in the Emergency Room 459
    Kim Slensky and Craig A. Clifford

    73 Paraneoplastic Syndromes 467
    Alycen P. Lundberg and Laura D. Garrett

    E. Esophageal and Abdominal Disease 473

    74 Vomiting and Regurgitation 475
    Jayme E. Hoffberg

    75 Esophageal Foreign Bodies 481
    Mark P. Rondeau

    76 Diarrhea 485
    Marko Pipan

    77 Hematemesis and Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage 490
    Kayla Hanson and Elke Rudloff

    78 Parvovirus Enteritis 496
    Raegan J. Wells and Lauren A. Sullivan

    79 Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis 501
    Erica L. Reineke

    80 Protein-Losing Enteropathy 506
    Rachel E. Smith and Robert J. Washabau

    81 Gastrointestinal Obstruction 511
    Chap Pratt

    82 Gastric Dilation-Volvulus 520
    Elke Rudloff

    83 Mesenteric Torsion 524
    Fabio Vigano’

    84 Hemoperitoneum 528
    S. Anna Pesillo-Crosby

    85 Splenic Disease 535
    Alex Lynch and Therese E. O’Toole

    86 Pancreatitis 541
    Erica Tinson and Elise Boller

    87 Peritonitis 550
    Medora Pashmakova and James Barr

    88 Postoperative Complications Presenting to the Emergency Service 556
    Therese E. O’Toole

    89 Biliary Disease 561
    Amanda K. Boag and Steve J. Mehler

    90 Acute Liver Failure 566
    Deborah C. Mandell

    91 Feeding Tube Complications 578
    Daniel L. Chan

    92 Anorectal Disease 582
    David E. Holt

    93 Constipation 587
    Mark P. Rondeau

    Index i1

    VOLUME 2

    F. Urogenital Disorders 593

    94 Acute Azotemia 595
    Carrie Palm

    95 Oliguria 601
    J.D. Foster

    96 Urinary Tract Infections 606
    Reid Groman

    97 Urolithiasis 620
    Joseph Bartges

    98 Feline Ureteral Obstruction: Diagnosis and Management 627
    Allyson Berent

    99 Feline Lower Urinary Tract Obstruction 634
    Edward Cooper

    100 Urethral Trauma 641
    Elena S. Addison and Donald A. Yool

    101 Lyme Nephritis 646
    Meryl P. Littman

    102 Chronic Kidney Disease 653
    Melisa G. Rosenthal and Mary A. Labato

    103 Uroabdomen 659
    Saya Press and Anusha Balakrishnan

    104 Urethral Prolapse 665
    Jennifer Carr

    105 Discolored Urine 667
    Julie M. Walker

    106 Urinary Diversion in the Emergency Room 673
    Cassie Ostroski and Dana L. Clarke

    G. Acid-base, Electrolyte and Endocrine Disorders 681

    107 Acid–Base Disorders 683
    Kate Hopper

    108 Sodium and Water Balance 690
    Yu Ueda and Kate Hopper

    109 Potassium Disorders 700
    Sabrina N. Hoehne and Matthew Mellema

    110 Calcium, Magnesium, and Phosphorus Disorders 709
    Matthew Mellema

    111 Hypoglycemia 719
    Anthony L. Gonzalez and Deborah C. Silverstein

    112 Hyperglycemia 726
    Gideon Daniel and Alex Lynch

    113 Complicated Diabetes Mellitus 729
    Amie Koenig

    114 Adrenal Gland Disorders 736
    Jonathan D. Dear and Guillaume L. Hoareau

    115 Hypoadrenocorticism 742
    Søren Boysen

    116 Thyroid Disorders 752
    Jonathan D. Dear

    117 Diabetes Insipidus 757
    Jamie M. Burkitt Creedon

    H. Reproductive Disorders 763

    118 Dystocia 765
    Liam Donaldson and Philip Thomas

    119 Eclampsia 771
    Michelle A. Kutzler

    120 Neonatal Resuscitation 775
    Carol A. Margolis and Margret L. Casal

    121 Diseases of the Neonate 779
    Andrea Hesser and Autumn P. Davidson

    122 Metritis and Mastitis 791
    Sophie A. Grundy

    123 Pyometra 795
    Grayson B. Wallace and Margret L. Casal

    124 Prostatic Disease 802
    Autumn P. Davidson

    125 Uterine and Vaginal Prolapse 807
    Michelle A. Kutzler

    126 Penile, Preputial, and Testicular Disease 812
    James Lavely and Autumn P. Davidson

    I. Common Toxins 819

    127 Decontamination and Toxicological Analyses of the Poisoned Patient 821
    Justine A. Lee

    128 Lipid “Rescue” Therapy 831
    Kathryn Benavides and Jonathan Babyak

    129 Blood Purification Techniques for Intoxications 835
    Carrie Palm

    130 Rodenticide Toxicity 841
    Jesse Bullock and Alex Lynch

    131 Ethylene Glycol Intoxication 846
    Rachel B. Davy-Moyle and Leo Londoño

    132 Acetaminophen Intoxication 851
    Amanda Thomer and Lesley G. King

    133 Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug Intoxications 856
    Angela Borchers

    134 Grape, Raisin, and Lily Ingestion 862
    J.D. Foster

    135 Recreational Drug Intoxications 866
    Melissa Bucknoff

    136 Household Toxins 871
    Lindsey Nielsen

    J. Skin and Soft Tissue Disease 875

    137 Life-Threatening Dermatological Emergencies 877
    Brian K. Roberts

    138 Severe Soft Tissue Infections 892
    Melissa Clark and Yekaterina Buriko

    K. Environmental Emergencies 897

    139 Smoke Inhalation Toxicity 899
    Erin McGowan and Kenneth J. Drobatz

    140 Porcupine Quilling 905
    Elizabeth Rozanski

    141 Crotalinae Snake Envenomation 909
    Raegan J. Wells

    142 Elapid Snake Envenomation: North American Coral Snakes and Australian Elapids (Tiger Snakes, Brown Snakes, Taipans, Death Adders, and Black Snakes) 914
    Katrin Swindells and Michael Schaer

    143 Spider and Scorpion Envenomation 921
    Kate Hopper

    144 Bufo Toad Toxicosis 926
    Leo Londoño and Gareth Buckley

    145 Hymenoptera Envenomation 930
    Rebecca Flores and Vincent Thawley

    146 Hypersensitivity and Anaphylaxis 936
    Sabrina N. Hoehne and Kate Hopper

    147 Canine Heat Stroke 942
    Yaron Bruchim and Efrat Kelmer

    148 Cold Exposure 950
    Karol A. Mathews

    149 Electrical and Lightning Injuries 956
    F.A. (Tony) Mann

    Section 4 Trauma and Resuscitation 963

    A. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation 965

    150 Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in the Emergency Room 967
    Daniel J. Fletcher and Manuel Boller

    151 Small Animal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Initiatives 974
    Manuel Boller and Daniel J. Fletcher

    B. Circulatory Shock 979

    152 Pathophysiology of Shock 981
    Edward Cooper

    153 Hypovolemic Shock 986
    Corrin Boyd and Lisa Smart

    154 Cardiogenic Shock 993
    Luiz Bolfer and Meg M. Sleeper

    155 Additional Mechanisms of Shock 1000
    Sean Smarick and Iain Keir

    156 Lactate Monitoring 1005
    Casey Kohen and Kate Hopper

    157 Emerging Monitoring Techniques 1011
    Rodrigo C. Rabelo

    158 Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury 1019
    Josh Smith and Robert Goggs

    159 Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome, Sepsis, and Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome 1030
    Claire R. Sharp

    C. Trauma 1039

    160 Trauma Overview 1041
    Erica L. Reineke

    161 Trauma Center Registry 1052
    Kelly Hall

    162 High-Rise Syndrome 1056
    Yekaterina Buriko

    163 Trauma-Associated Coagulopathy 1060
    Alex Lynch and Robert Goggs

    164 Metabolic Consequences of Trauma 1068
    Leo Roa and Elizabeth M. Streeter

    165 Traumatic Orthopedic Emergencies 1072
    Marian E. Benitez and Spencer A. Johnston

    166 Wound Management Principles 1079
    F.A. (Tony) Mann

    Section 5 Fluid and Blood Product Therapy 1089

    167 Crystalloid Fluid Therapy 1091
    Deborah C. Silverstein and Samantha Hart

    168 Colloid Fluid Therapy 1097
    Marie K. Holowaychuk

    169 Crystalloids Versus Colloids 1103
    Jennifer Prittie and Dava Cazzolli

    170 Management of Hemorrhagic Shock 1115
    Andrew Linklater

    171 Management of Dehydration 1126
    Ashley E. Allen-Durrance and Samantha Campos

    172 Maintenance Fluid Therapy 1132
    Travis Lanaux

    173 Potassium Supplementation 1136
    Jillian DiFazio

    174 Administration of Sodium Bicarbonate 1140
    Jennifer E. Waldrop

    175 Continuous-Rate Infusion 1147
    Andrea M. Steele

    176 Transfusion of Red Blood Cells and Plasma 1151
    Raegan J. Wells and Brandi L. Mattison

    177 Massive Transfusion 1156
    Kari Santoro Beer and Amanda Thomer

    Section 6 Emergency Room Procedures 1161

    178 Vascular Access 1163
    Matthew W. Beal

    179 Intraosseous Catheters 1169
    Alison Allukian and Amanda Abelson

    180 Airway Management 1173
    Elizabeth Rozanski

    181 Oxygen Therapy 1177
    Christine L. Guenther

    182 Sonography in the Emergency Room 1183
    Gregory R. Lisciandro

    183 Thoracocentesis 1195
    Melissa Bucknoff and Meghan Respess

    184 Thoracostomy Tube Placement 1199
    Alex Lynch and Samantha Campos

    185 Pericardiocentesis 1202
    Kursten V. Pierce and John E. Rush

    186 Abdominocentesis 1206
    Karl E. Jandrey

    187 Urethral Catheterization (Including Urohydropulsion) 1210
    Sean Smarick

    188 Mechanical Ventilation in the Emergency Room 1216
    Lisa L. Powell

    189 Damage Control Surgery 1219
    Steve J. Mehler

    Section 7 Anesthesia and Analgesia for the Emergency Room Patient 1223

    190 Anesthesia and Analgesia in the Emergency Room: An Overview 1225
    Lisa J. Bazzle and Benjamin M. Brainard

    191 Anesthetic Concerns and Protocols for Common Conditions 1231
    Becca Reader and Amanda Abelson

    192 Sedation for the Emergency Room Patient 1239
    Stephanie R. Krein

    193 Pain Management in Critical Patients 1245
    Alicia Z. Karas

    194 Opioids 1250
    Lois A. Wetmore

    195 Alpha-2 Adrenergic Agonists 1255
    Katherine A. Cummings

    196 Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs 1259
    Christopher L. Norkus

    197 Regional Anesthesia Techniques 1263
    Marlis L. de Rezende

    198 Go Home Analgesics 1269
    Ashley Wiese

    199 Approach to the Aggressive or Fearful Emergency Room Patient 1276
    Selena L. Lane and Benjamin M. Brainard

    Section 8 Unique Emergency Medicine Topics 1283

    200 Antimicrobial Therapy in the Emergency Patient 1285
    Steven Epstein

    201 Disaster Medicine 1292
    Lee Palmer

    202 Working Dogs in the Emergency Room 1298
    Cynthia M. Otto

    203 Approach to Unowned and Shelter/Rescue Animals in the Emergency Room 1303
    April Paul

    204 Euthanasia Considerations 1306
    Katherine J. Goldberg

    205 Emergency Room Design and Staffing Models 1313
    Jan P. Kovacic

    206 Conflict in the Emergency Room 1322
    Jim Wohl

    207 Maximizing Communication 1327
    Laura D. Garrett

    208 Basics of Clinical Study Design 1331
    Kenneth J. Drobatz

    209 Designing and Participating in Clinical Trials 1335
    Dorothy Cimino Brown

    Index i1

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