• Pathology of Wildlife and Zoo Animals is a comprehensive resource that covers the pathology of wildlife and zoo species, including a wide scope of animals, disease types and geographic regions. It is the definitive book for students, biologists, scientists, physicians, veterinary clinicians and pathologists working with non-domestic species in a variety of settings. General chapters include information on performing necropsies, proper techniques to meet the specialized needs of forensic cases, laboratory diagnostics, and an introduction into basic principles of comparative clinical pathology. The taxon-based chapters provide information about disease in related groups of animals and include descriptions of gross and histologic lesions, pathogenesis and diagnostics. For each group of animals, notable, unique gross and microscopic anatomical features are provided to further assist the reader in deciding whether differences from the domestic animal paradigm are "normal." Additional online content, which includes text, images, and whole scanned glass slides of selected conditions, expands the published material resulting in a comprehensive approach to the topic.

    Key Features

    • Presents a single resource for performing necropsies on a variety of taxa, including terrestrial and aquatic vertebrates and invertebrates
    • Describes notable, unique gross and microscopic anatomical variations among species/taxa to assist in understanding normal features, in particular those that can be mistaken as being abnormal
    • Provides consistent organization of chapters with descriptions of unique anatomic features, common non-infectious and infectious diseases following brief overviews of the taxonomic group
    • Contains full-color, high quality illustrations of diseases
    • Links to a large online library of scanned slides related to topics in the book that illustrate important histologic findings


    Veterinary pathologists; zoo and wildlife clinicians; wildlife biologists, students, residents, and fellows in zoo, wildlife, veterinary, exotic pet medicine and pathology and academic environments; wildlife biologists; scientists in laboratory settings and laboratory animal settings; Physicians in public health and infectious disease; Zoologists, Conservation biologists, Comparative pathologists, Osteologists, Comparative anatomists

  • Chapter 1 - Wildlife Necropsy

    Denise McAloose, Kathleen M. Colegrove and Alisa L. Newton

    Pages 1-20

    Chapter 2 - Forensic Wildlife Pathology

    Tabitha C. Viner and Rebecca A. Kagan

    Pages 21-40

    Chapter 3 - Laboratory Diagnostics

    Bruce Rideout, Josephine Braun and Allan P. Pessier

    Pages 41-53

    Chapter 4 - Introduction to Comparative Clinical Pathology

    Nicole I. Stacy and Charlotte Hollinger

    Pages 55-115

    Chapter 5 - Bovidae, Antilocapridae, Giraffidae, Tragulidae, Hippopotamidae

    Megan E.B. Jones, David J. Gasper and Emily Mitchell (née Lane)

    Pages 117-147

    Chapter 6 - Cervidae

    Elizabeth W. Howerth, Nicole M. Nemeth and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Pages 149-183

    Chapter 7 - Camelidae

    Dalen Agnew

    Pages 185-205

    Chapter 8 - Suidae and Tayassuidae

    María Ángeles Jiménez Martínez, David J. Gasper, ... Karen A. Terio

    Pages 207-228

    Chapter 9 - Canidae, Ursidae, and Ailuridae

    M. Kevin Keel, Karen A. Terio and Denise McAloose

    Pages 229-261

    Chapter 10 - Felidae

    Karen A. Terio, Denise McAloose and Emily Mitchell (née Lane)

    Chapter 11 - Mustelids

    Bruce H. Williams, Kathy Burek Huntington and Melissa Miller

    Pages 287-304

    Chapter 12 - Procyonidae, Viverridae, Hyenidae, Herpestidae, Eupleridae, and Prionodontidae

    Molly E. Church, Karen A. Terio and M. Kevin Keel

    Pages 305-321

    Chapter 13 - Prosimians

    Denise McAloose and Ilse H. Stalis

    Pages 323-342

    Chapter 14 - New World and Old World Monkeys

    Kerstin Mätz-Rensing and Linda J. Lowenstine

    Pages 343-374

    Chapter 15 - Apes

    Linda J. Lowenstine, Rita McManamon and Karen A. Terio

    Pages 375-412

    Chapter 16 - Proboscidae

    Jennifer A. Landolfi and Scott P. Terrell

    Pages 413-431

    Chapter 17 - Perissodactyls

    Mary Duncan

    Pages 433-454

    Chapter 18 - Monotremes and Marsupials

    Damien Higgins, Karrie Rose and David Spratt

    Pages 455-480

    Chapter 19 - Lagomorpha

    Martha A. Delaney, Piper M. Treuting and Jamie L. Rothenburger

    Pages 481-498

    Chapter 20 - Rodentia

    Martha A. Delaney, Piper M. Treuting and Jamie L. Rothenburger

    Pages 499-515

    Chapter 21 - Xenartha, Erinacoemorpha, Some Afrotheria, and Phloidota

    Dalen Agnew, Sally Nofs, ... Jamie L. Rothenburger

    Pages 517-532

    Chapter 22 - Cetacea

    Judy St. Leger, Stephen Raverty and Alexandria Mena

    Pages 533-568

    Chapter 23 - Pinnipediae

    Kathleen M. Colegrove, Kathy A. Burek-Huntington, ... Ursula Siebert

    Pages 569-592

    Chapter 24 - Sirenia

    Helen Owen, Mark Flint and Martine de Wit

    Pages 593-606

    Chapter 25 - Chiroptera

    Lisa L. Farina and Julia S. Lankton

    Pages 607-633

    Chapter 26 - Palaeognathae: Apterygiformes, Casuariiformes, Rheiformes, Struthioniformes; Tinamiformes

    Dale A. Smith

    Pages 635-651

    Chapter 27 - Sphenisciformes, Gaviiformes, Podicipediformes, Procellariiformes, and Pelecaniformes

    Mark F. Stidworthy and Daniela Denk

    Pages 653-686

    Chapter 28 - Phoenicopteriformes

    Elizabeth L. Buckles

    Pages 687-696

    Chapter 29 - Anseriformes, Ciconiiformes, Charadriiformes, and Gruiformes

    Heather Fenton, Rita McManamon and Elizabeth W. Howerth

    Pages 697-721

    Chapter 30 - Birds of Prey

    Arno Wünschmann, Anibal G. Armién, ... H.L. Shivaprasad

    Pages 723-745

    Chapter 31 - Galliformes and Columbiformes

    Rocio Crespo, Monique S. França, H.L. Shivaprasad

    Pages 747-773

    Chapter 32 - Psittacines, Coliiformes, Musophagiformes, Cuculiformes

    Drury R. Reavill and Gerry Dorrestein

    Pages 775-798

    Chapter 33 - Passeriformes, Caprimulgiformes, Coraciiformes, Piciformes, Bucerotiformes, and Apodiformes

    John Trupkiewicz, Michael M. Garner and Carles Juan-Sallés

    Pages 799-823

    Chapter 34 - Chelonia

    Carlos E. Rodríguez, Ana María Henao Duque, ... Daniel B. Woodburn

    Pages 825-854

    Chapter 35 - Crocodilia

    Kenneth J. Conley and Catherine M. Shilton

    Pages 855-870

    Chapter 36 - Lacertilia

    Francesco C. Origgi

    Pages 871-895

    Chapter 37 - Serpentes

    Robert J. Ossiboff

    Pages 897-919

    Chapter 38 - Amphibia

    Allan P. Pessier

    Pages 921-951

    Chapter 39 - Osteichthyes

    Salvatore Frasca, Jeffrey C. Wolf, ... Eric D. Lombardini

    Pages 953-1001

    Chapter 40 - Chondrichthyes

    Nancy L. Stedman and Michael M. Garner

    Pages 1003-1018

    Chapter 41 - Invertebrates

    Alisa L. Newton and Roxanna Smolowitz

    Pages 1019-1052

    Appendix A - Viral Families and Documented Diseases

    Denise McAloose and Tylis Y. Chang


    Pages 1075-1092

  • Karen Terio

    As a member of the Zoological Pathology Program (ZPP), Dr. Terio provides comprehensive pathology services to the Chicago Zoological Society’s Brookfield Zoo, John G. Shedd Aquarium and Lincoln Park Zoo as well as to local, national and international wildlife agencies and conservation programs. Her research focuses on the pathogenesis of diseases affecting free-ranging and captive wild animal populations. She serves as an advisor for the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) Felid Taxon Advisory Group, several individual felid Species Survival Plans (SSP), the Chimpanzee SSP as well as for in situ conservation programs including the Cheetah Conservation Fund and the Gombe Ecosystem Health Project.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Zoological Pathology Program, University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine, Brookfield, IL, USA

    Denise McAloose

    Dr. McAloose directs the pathology and molecular diagnostic laboratories at the WCS, which provide diagnostic services and consultation to the organization’s 4 zoos and aquarium in New York City and their local and international conservation projects in over 40 countries. She is an advisor for the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) Felid Taxon Advisory Group and individual felid and canid Species Survival Plans (SSP) as well as a member of the National Marine Fisheries Services/National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration’s Working Group for Unusual Marine Mammal Mortality Events. She is also a Senior Courtesy Lecturer at Cornell University’s School of Veterinary Medicine and a Clinical Assistant Professor of Pathology at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Pathology Department, Wildlife Conservation Society, Zoological Health Program, Bronx, NY, USA

    Judy St. Leger

    Dr. St. Leger is a graduate of the veterinary school at Cornell University and completed her residency training at the UC Davis diagnostic laboratory in San Bernardino, California. Her work includes investigations in health of aquatic animals and birds, such as marine mammal viral screening, pathogenesis of select infectious agents in marine species, and killer whale disease concerns. Dr. St. Leger has published many scientific manuscripts and is a frequent lecturer on topics related to pathology of marine species. She is a board member of the CL Davis Foundation and the SeaWorld–Busch Gardens Conservation Fund, and a scientific advisory board member for the Morris Animal Foundation. Dr. St. Leger is a past associate editor for the journal Veterinary Pathology and past president of the International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine (IAAAM).

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Research and Science, SeaWorld Parks and Entertainment, San Diego, CA, USA