• Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Consult Clinical Companion: Small Animal Toxicology, Second Edition puts all the information needed to rapidly and accurately manage poisonings in small animal patients at the clinician's fingertips.

    • Provides concise, bulleted information focused on the most important facts needed when treating a poisoned cat or dog
    • Carefully organized for ease of use in an emergency, with important toxicants arranged alphabetically within categories
    • Details clinically relevant information on the most common toxicants encountered by small animals
    • Presents a wealth of color photographs to aid in plant identification
    • Includes 14 new topics to this edition covering cyclosporine A, sleep aids, tacrolimus, bath salts, synthetic marijuana, poisonous lizards, imidacloprid, spring bulbs, and sodium monofluoroacetate
  • Contributor List xiii

    Preface xix

    About the Companion Website xxi

    section 1 Clinical Toxicology

    chapter 1 Decontamination and Detoxification of the Poisoned Patient 3

    chapter 2 Emergency Management of the Poisoned Patient 19

    chapter 3 Antidotes and Other Useful Drugs 36

    chapter 4 Identification and Management of the Unknown Toxicant 49

    chapter 5 Laboratory Diagnostics for Toxicology 60

    section 2 Specific Toxins & Toxicants Alcohols and Glycol Ethers 69

    chapter 6 Alcohols 71

    chapter 7 Ethylene Glycol and Diethylene Glycol 78

    chapter 8 Propylene Glycol 85

    Construction and Industrial Materials 93

    chapter 9 Glues and Adhesives 95

    chapter 10 Hydrocarbons 101

    chapter 11 Hydrofluoric Acid 108

    Drugs: Human Prescription 117

    chapter 12 5-Fluorouracil 119

    chapter 13 Amphetamines 126

    chapter 14 Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors 132

    chapter 15 Atypical Antipsychotics 137

    chapter 16 Baclofen 143

    chapter 17 Benzodiazepines 149

    chapter 18 Beta2 Receptor Agonists (Albuterol and Others) 155

    chapter 19 Beta Receptor Antagonists (Beta-Blockers) 162

    chapter 20 Calcipotriene/Calcipotriol 172

    chapter 21 Calcium Channel Blockers 178

    chapter 22 Colchicine 187

    chapter 23 Cyclosporine A 192

    chapter 24 Diuretics 197

    chapter 25 Minoxidil 204

    chapter 26 Nonbenzodiazepine Sleep Aids 212

    chapter 27 Opiates and Opioids 217

    chapter 28 SSRI and SNRI Antidepressants 227

    chapter 29 Tacrolimus 233

    chapter 30 Thyroid Hormones (T3 and T4) 238

    Drugs: Illicit and Recreational 243

    chapter 31 Club Drugs (MDMA, GHB, Flunitrazepam, and Bath Salts) 245

    chapter 32 Cocaine 253

    chapter 33 LSD (Lysergic Acid Diethylamide) 259

    chapter 34 Marijuana 264

    chapter 35 Methamphetamine 271

    chapter 36 Miscellaneous Hallucinogens and Dissociative Agents 278

    chapter 37 Opiates and Opioids (Illicit) 286

    chapter 38 PCP (Phencyclidine) 295

    chapter 39 Synthetic Cannabinoids 300

    Drugs: Over the Counter 305

    chapter 40 Acetaminophen 307

    chapter 41 Antitussives and Expectorants (Dextromethorphan) 313

    chapter 42 Aspirin 320

    chapter 43 Decongestants (Pseudoephedrine, Phenylephrine) 327

    chapter 44 Decongestants (Imidazolines) 333

    chapter 45 Human NSAIDs (Ibuprofen, Naproxen) 339

    chapter 46 Nicotine and Tobacco 347

    chapter 47 Vitamins and Minerals 354

    Drugs: Veterinary Prescription 367

    chapter 48 Alpha2-Adrenergic Agonists 369

    chapter 49 Ivermectin/Milbemycin /Moxidectin 374

    chapter 50 Phenylpropanolamine 385

    chapter 51 Pimobendan 391

    chapter 52 Veterinary NSAIDs (Carprofen, Deracoxib, Firocoxib, Ketoprofen, Meloxicam, Robenacoxib, Tepoxalin) 396

    Envenomations 405

    chapter 53 Black Widow Spiders 407

    chapter 54 Brown Recluse Spiders 412

    chapter 55 Bufo Toads 418

    chapter 56 Crotalids (Pit Vipers) 424

    chapter 57 Elapids (Coral Snakes) 436

    chapter 58 Scorpions 444

    chapter 59 Venomous Lizards (Heloderma) 450

    chapter 60 Wasps, Hornets, and Bees 457

    Foods 467

    chapter 61 Bread Dough 469

    chapter 62 Calcium Supplements 474

    chapter 63 Chocolate and Caffeine 479

    chapter 64 Grapes and Raisins 485

    chapter 65 Hops 491

    chapter 66 Macadamia Nuts 497

    chapter 67 Mycotoxins – Aflatoxin 502

    chapter 68 Mycotoxins – Tremorgenic 508

    chapter 69 Onions and Garlic 515

    chapter 70 Salt 521

    chapter 71 Xylitol 529

    Foreign Objects 535

    chapter 72 Foreign Objects 537

    Garden, Yard, and Farm Chemicals 545

    chapter 73 Bone and Blood Meal 547

    chapter 74 Diquat and Paraquat 552

    chapter 75 Fertilizers 560

    chapter 76 Herbicides 565

    chapter 77 Methionine 571

    Herbals 577

    chapter 78 Ephedra/Ma Huang 579

    chapter 79 Essential Oils/Liquid Potpourri 585

    chapter 80 Tea Tree Oil/Melaleuca Oil 592

    Home Care and Recreational Products 599

    chapter 81 Acids 601

    chapter 82 Alkalis 609

    chapter 83 Batteries 617

    chapter 84 Matches and Fireworks 624

    chapter 85 Mothballs 630

    chapter 86 Paintballs 637

    chapter 87 Phenols and Pine Oils 646

    chapter 88 Soaps, Detergents, Fabric Softeners, Enzymatic Cleaners, and Deodorizers 655

    Insecticides and Molluscicides 663

    chapter 89 Amitraz 665

    chapter 90 Metaldehyde 672

    chapter 91 Imidacloprid and Other Neonicotinoids 678

    chapter 92 Miscellaneous Insecticides 683

    chapter 93 Organophosphorus and Carbamate Insecticides 689

    chapter 94 Pyrethrins and Pyrethroids 697

    Metals and Metalloids 705

    chapter 95 Iron 707

    chapter 96 Lead 716

    chapter 97 Zinc 723

    Nondrug Consumer Products 729

    chapter 98 Glow Jewelry (Dibutyl Phthalate) 731

    chapter 99 Fluoride 736

    Plants and Biotoxins 743

    chapter 100 Azaleas and Rhododendrons 745

    chapter 101 Blue-green Algae (Cyanobacteria) 751

    chapter 102 Cardiac Glycosides 760

    chapter 103 Lilies 770

    chapter 104 Mushrooms 778

    chapter 105 Oxalates – Insoluble 787

    chapter 106 Oxalates – Soluble 797

    chapter 107 Sago Palm (Cycads) 804

    chapter 108 Spring Bulbs 812

    chapter 109 Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow Plant 821

    chapter 110 Yew 827

    Rodenticides 833

    chapter 111 Anticoagulants 835

    chapter 112 Bromethalin 844

    chapter 113 Cholecalciferol 850

    chapter 114 Sodium Monofluoroacetate (Compound 1080) 856

    chapter 115 Phosphides 862

    chapter 116 Strychnine 871

    Toxic Gases 879

    chapter 117 Carbon Monoxide 881

    chapter 118 Smoke Inhalation 885

    section 3 Reference Information

    appendix 1 Abbreviations 899

    appendix 2 Information Resources for Toxicology 905

    appendix 3 Metallic Toxicants 913

    appendix 4 Toxic Plants and Their Clinical Signs: Antidotes and Treatment 919

    appendix 5 Topical Toxins: Common Human OTC Dermatological Preparations 927

    Index by Toxins and Toxicants 933

    Index by Clinical Signs 951

  • Lynn R. Hovda, RPH, DVM, MS, DACVIM, is Director of Veterinary Services at SafetyCall International and Pet Poison Helpline in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences at the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota in St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.

    Ahna G. Brutlag, DVM, MS, DABVT, DABT, is Associate Director of Veterinary Services at SafetyCall International and Pet Poison Helpline in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences at the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota in St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.

    Robert H. Poppenga, DVM, PhD, DABVT, is a Professor and Head of the Toxicology Section at the California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System at the School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California at Davis in Davis, California, USA.

    Katherine L. Peterson, DVM, DACVECC, is a Veterinary Criticalist at SafetyCall International and Pet Poison Helpline in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and BluePearl Veterinary Partners in Eden Prairie, Minnesota, USA.

info